Saturday, October 13, 2012

Prevention Of Kidney Stones

Prevention Of Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones are caused by clots of minerals and salt crystals in the Kidney s or urinary tract. The amount of Kidney Stones varies, from only amounted to a grain of sand to a golf ball. In most cases, Kidney Stones do not cause symptoms because of their small size so can be wasted himself through urine without us knowing. However, sometimes when the size is too large can get stuck in the ureter, causing excruciating pain called colic. In other cases, Kidney Stones continued to settle and slowly grow in the Kidney s, causing permanent damage. For this reason, it is important to prevent Kidney Stones.


Kidney Stones are mainly caused by the crystallization of calcium oxalate (a type of salt in some foods) or, more rarely, uric acid (a waste of protein breakdown in the body). Excessive consumption of foods containing calcium oxalate or uric acid raises risk of Kidney Stones. Consume less fluid can also be a cause. If we are not drinking, urine becomes more viscous so as to facilitate crystallization of salts and minerals. Certain metabolic disorders may also make the body more easily produce Kidney Stones.

Kidney Stones often recurs formation, especially when factors such as diet and drink a person does not change. Men are two times more often than women and the risk continues to increase with age. Symptoms of Kidney Stones felt 12% of men and 5% of women aged 70 years.

Crisis renal colic

When a Kidney stone lodged, there was a crisis situation called renal colic. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate action to relieve pain and prevent related complications (bleeding, Kidney infections, etc.). Symptoms of renal colic crisis are:

  • -          Sting and the pain are very sharp in the Kidney (below the ribs back) that extends down to the abdomen, genitals and thighs. The pain can last a few minutes or hours interspersed periods comfortably.
  • -          Nausea and vomiting fever or chills.
  • -          Bowel movement is not smooth, just a little bit out. It is caused by a Kidney stone blockage in the flow of urine.
  • -          There is blood in the urine.
When you hit a crisis renal colic, you should immediately see a doctor. The best step is usually directly to the hospital emergency room where the available equipment that is equipped to handle your crisis. You'll get a pain reliever that is injected so that your pain soon disappeared. The doctor will then check for the presence of Kidney Stones by examination of blood and urine samples as well as ultrasound, CT scan or X-rays. This examination helps the doctor determine what action should be taken.

If the Kidney stone is large enough and cannot be removed through the urinary tract, you may have to undergo lithotripsy or surgery to remove them. Lithotripsy uses shock waves or lasers to break up Kidney Stones without surgery.


  1. -          Drink plenty of water. Drink at least 2 liters of water a day or one glass every hour (more if the weather is hot or you lots of physical activity). By drinking plenty of water, your urine is increased, thereby reducing the concentration of salts and minerals.
  2. -       Drink throughout the day. If you drink only in the morning, the water will be discharged through the urine within the next two hours so that the concentration of salts and minerals in the daylight increases. You have to get used to drink more often.
  3. -          Choose foods that are rich in vitamin A. Intake of 5000 IU of vitamin A per day healthy urinary system function and prevent the formation of Kidney Stones. Foods rich in vitamin A include broccoli, melon, fish, and liver. However, be careful not to consume too much vitamin A from animal sources, since excess vitamin A actually causes other health problems.
  4. -          Reduce salt in food. By reducing the salt, you reduce the levels of calcium in the urine.
  5. -          Do not over-consume milk and milk products (cheese, yogurt, ice cream, etc.) high calcium. Excess calcium is removed by the body through the urine thereby increasing the risk of Kidney Stones.
  6. -          Do not over-consume foods that contain high calcium oxalate such as chocolate, nuts, spinach, grapes, etc.
  7. -          Do not over-consume vitamin C and D because it can facilitate the crystallization of calcium oxalate. Consumption of 3 or 4 grams of vitamin C and 400 IU of vitamin D each day is to meet the needs of most people.
  8. -          Expand consume foods that contain magnesium and vitamin B6karena can reduce levels of calcium oxalate in urine.
  9. -          Develop an active lifestyle. Calcium is a bone-forming element. With an active life, you are helping the formation of calcium into bone. In contrast, sedentary lifestyle to support calcium circulating in the blood and the risk of becoming crystal.
  10. -          Reduce the circulation of uric acid. All things that can prevent uric acid also prevent the formation of Kidney Stones.

Friday, October 12, 2012

Types Of Kidney Stone

Types Of Kidney Stone

If you are the type of rock that occurs in Kidney Stones, then we know the tendency of stone similarities within a family. This condition primarily occurs due to linkage recording conditions or health conditions in other parts of the body, for example in an overactive parathyroid gland, renal tubular disorders, chronic urinary tract infections, cysts in the Kidney, and metabolic disorders.

Based on the elements forming Kidney Stones, there are several types of Kidney Stones, which are:

1. Calcium stones

Calcium stones are more common in men than in women.
One thing you should note, if an individual had a calcium stone, it is certain that he also had other types of stone. However, it can be avoided if you do the treatment on a regular basis.

Things are suspected to be the cause of the increase in the concentration of calcium in the urine is:

-          Too much vitamin D, causing the body absorbs calcium.
-          An overactive parathyroid gland.
-          Excessive consumption of drugs, such as thyroid hormone.
-          The presence of cancer in the urinary tract.
-          The effect of facilitating drug pee.
One way that can be applied to avoid this condition is to eat calcium-rich foods. This method is believed to prevent calcium Kidney Stones

2. Uric Acid Stones

Uric acid stones formed by uric acid, a byproduct of protein metabolism process.
This can happen if you are implementing a diet rich in meat resulting in increased uric acid in the urine. In other circumstances, the people who are in special treatment, such as chemotherapy can cause elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and urine.

3. Stone struvit

this type of Kidney stone disease affects many women. The disease is the result of a bacterial infection in the urinary tract and produces a specific enzyme that can increase the amount of ammonia in the urine. The amount of ammonia that can cause the formation of crystals in the rock betel and is referred to as a rock stuvit. Stone size can be enlarged and cause Kidney damage.

4. Cysteine stones

Kidney stone disease is caused by an increase in amino acids that occur due to hereditary or hereditary disorders in cystinuria excrete a number of amino acids.
Possible Kidney stone disease can be in men and women.
Avoid everything that possible lead to kidney stones, avoid in your life. Make healthy life without kidney disease.

Thursday, October 11, 2012

Kidney Stone Symptoms

Kidney Stone Symptom


Usually people tend not to realize when the Kidney starts to fail. Even when the Kidney is not functioning at 90% though. When Kidneys start to lose function gradually and has been going on for three months, it can be said that the person is suffering from serious Kidney Stones.
If left untreated, the disease progresses to the stage of Kidney failure. This stage is the most severe. Other causes of Kidney failure are Kidney Stones. Kidney Stones are formed from substances in the urine crystallize. This happens especially when the urine is too concentrated. Kidney Stones can be found in the gastrointestinal tract, but is usually found in the ureter. A symptom of Kidney Stones is as follows:
-          Pain in the bottom of the waist, hips, and genitals (if the stone is in the Kidney).
-          Pain in the abdomen (if the stone is in the ureter and this is the worst).
-          Nausea and vomiting.
-          Heat rises and cold.
-          Urine contains blood or protein.
For you to be alert, this is the other symptoms of Kidney failure.
-           Less urine than usual.
-          Foamy urine and the color changed.
-          Feet, hands, and wrists and feet are swelling caused by water that accumulates and cannot be removed by the Kidneys.
-          Quickly tired due to impurities accumulate in the body (Kidney are unable to remove waste in body).
-          Bad breath, sore waist, and itching in the legs.
-          Frequent nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite.

Prior to treatment, the doctor will perform a series of tests to analyze Kidney Stones. The tests are as follows.

-          X-rays to determine the circumstances in the bladder, ureter, and the Kidney itself.
-          Ultrasound, a test that uses high frequency waves to detect the presence of Kidney Stones.
-          Scan to determine the size of the Kidney Stones.
-          Check the mineral content of the rock.
-          Checking urine to be known bacteria that cause infections that lead to Kidney Stones.

Kidney disease can be divided into three, namely acute renal disease, chronic Kidney disease, and Kidney disorder or Kidney Stones. In the case of pre-renal disorder caused by an interruption of blood vessels before entering the Kidney, characterized by hypovolemia, hepatorenal syndrome, vascular disorders, and systemic sepsis.

Damage to the Kidney tissue itself is caused by toxins that enter through the mouth and suffered the destruction of muscle tissue. While hemolysis caused by various diseases, such as sickle cell disease and lupus.

Destruction of Kidney tissue which extends also can be caused by an accident, a large puncture wounds, use of statin type drugs, stimulants, and so on. In the earlier stage renal urine will exit hampered by the presence of Kidney Stones, cancer, stones, or blood clot in the urinary tract, and bladder innervation diseases, such as spina bifida.

Unlike a lot of acute glomerulonephritis is caused by SLE, namely streptococcal bacteria and tooth due to a throat infection and so the resulting infection.

To prevent these things, then the toxins should be avoided to prevent damage to the Kidneys, such as herbs or herbal avoid an unknown mechanism.

Treatment is done without consulting a doctor, cancer drugs or chemotherapy, and immunosuppressant’s, as well as other triggers that cause Kidney disease.

In addition, post-renal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea, fatigue, weakness, nausea and vomiting, difficulty concentrating, decreased urine production, and edema, as already mentioned above.

Treatment of acute Kidney disease can be done by consulting with experts (nefrologist or urologist) with either primary or secondary recovery, which has been described previously.

Different again with acute Kidney disease that occurs in a matter of days or weeks, chronic Kidney disease have a much longer process. The cause of chronic Kidney disease, including glomerulonephritis, polycystic Kidney, infectious, autoimmune, and so on.

In addition, frequent use without consulting a doctor or drugs acetaminophen, ibuprofen and slimming tea, can also lead to chronic Kidney disease. To measure the health condition of the Kidneys, can be seen in the levels of creatinine, urea, urine protein, HB, and creatinine clearance.

Tuesday, October 9, 2012

What Is Kidney Stones?

What Is Kidney Stones?

Kidney Stones (Renal Lithiasis) are deposits of small, hard, formed in the kidney. As the name, a kidney stone is a crystal that looks like a rock and is formed in the kidney. The crystals are going to get together and each attaches to the formation of “Stones”. The Stones are made of mineral and acid salts. Kidney stones can be caused by many things and can affect parts of the urinary tract, from the kidney s to the bladder. Usually, Kidney stones caused when the urine becomes concentrated, it caused the mineral to crystallized and fused.
 Kidney Stones
Biggest Risk factor for kidney stones is dehydration (lack of body fluids). People who have had kidney stones often experience it again in the future. Some specific types of stones can occur with bowel disease, ileal bypass for obesity, or renal insufficiency.

Kidney stones can be quite painful, but kidney stones usually cause no permanent harm. Depending on your condition. Probably only needed pain medication and drinking lots of water to remove small kidney stones. But it will need a surgery to cure or lift the serious kidney stones. Your doctor may recommend preventive therapy to reduce the risk of recurrent kidney stones if you are at risk of developing kidney stones again.

Kidney Stones disease is a health problem that is relatively easy to trace. According to some Doctor explain sick and weary at the waist is not really indicate a kidney  stone, to detect Kidney  stone is need additional examinations, such as ultrasound (USG) or X-ray, because blood test and urine test alone is not enough to detect kidney  Stone.

Immediately consult a doctor if you experience signs and symptoms of kidney stones that worry you. Seek immediate medical attention if experiencing:
                - Intense Pain that you could not sit or find a comfortable Position
                - Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
                - Pain accompanied by fever and chills
                - There is Blood in the urine
                - Difficult urination